GLD Scholars

Adam Harris

Adam Harris received his Ph.D. from New York University in August 2015. He specializes in ethnic and African politics. In his dissertation, he seeks to understand why some voters (up to 52% of African voters) do not support their ethnic group’s party. To answer this question, he develops and measures the concept of ethnic proximity that moves beyond the academic convention of co-ethnicity to more fully consider the complex role ethnicity plays in political preference formation. The dissertation argues that the degree to which ethnic group membership influences political preferences is determined by one’s position in her ethnic group, which is in turn determined by her ethnic attributes (her ethnic proximity). The dissertation uses original panel survey and experimental data to test the effect of ethnic proximity on voter preferences in South Africa. The results are also replicated in the US and Ugandan contexts. In short, his dissertation concludes that those who are less proximate to their own group and more proximate to an out-group are more likely to be swing voters and will have weaker preferences for their ethnic group’s party. Adam has also conducted research on ethnic identifiability (recently published in the Journal of Conflict Resolution), ethnic and immigrant prejudice, the determinants of political protests, ideological ideal point estimation among African legislators, and the effects of foreign aid in recipient countries. His research has been supported by the National Science Foundation, New York University, and Columbia University.

Boniface Dulani

Boniface Dulani lectures in Political Science at the University of Malawi. He also doubles as the Fieldwork Operations Manager for the Afrobarometer- a comparative series of national public opinion surveys that measure public attitudes toward democracy, governance, the economy and market reform, leadership and other issues in more than 30 African countries. Boniface holds a PhD in Political Science from Michigan State University, where he graduated in 2011. His PhD research was on “Personal Rule and Presidential Term Limits in Africa.” Boniface has also studied at the Universities of York and Sussex in the United Kingdom, from where he respectively graduated with a BA (Political Science, 1999) and Master of Philosophy (Development Studies, 2002). He is a recipient of several awards, including the prestigious Fulbright Fellowship for his doctoral studies at Michigan State. Boniface continues to research and write on the topic of term limits and the broader areas of Democracy and Governance. In his free time, Boniface enjoys watching sports, with a passion for Soccer, Basketball and America Football! He lives in Zomba, Malawi.

Dhafer Malouche

Dhafer Malouche has obtained a PhD in Statistics and Applied Mathematics from Paul Sabatier University in Toulouse, France, in October 1997. After that, he obtained post-doctorate fellow at the same university for a year. In September 1998, he obtained an Assistant professor position at the University of Sousse in Tunisia. During the 2001-2002 academic year, he was a visiting professor at York University in Toronto where he starting working on several subjects related to statistical modeling. In 2002, he returned to Tunisia and served as Assistant Professor at the new Engineering School of Statistics in Tunisia until he became an Associate Professor in 2009. He teaches courses on Data Analysis, such as Bayesian Statistics and Data Mining. At the Engineering School of Statistics he is also supervising numerous projects and doctorates about real cases across various topics and developed many collaborative, multidisciplinary research programs. He has then published several papers in biology (studying the association between the angiotensin-converting in diabetics patients, studying the distribution of resting cysts in Bizerte Lagoon), genetics (Statistical Analysis of IMGT/HighV-QUEST Next Generation Sequencing results), sensory analysis on olive oil (Characterization and preference mapping of olive oil cultivars in Tunisia), epidemiology (Forecasting Tunisian Type 2 Diabetes Prevalence, Estimation the effect of ambient temperature on the mortality in Tunisia), Renewal Energies (prediction of domestic appliances power consumptions for a better use of renewal energies). In May 2011, he was a former Fulbright Scholar for three months at the Department of Statistics at Stanford University where he worked there on graphical model and Bayesian Networks. Since 2011, He worked with political science colleagues, Professor Ellen Lust from Yale University and Professor Lindsay Benstead from Portland University. He has three national surveys in Tunisia about the political transition and local governance (November 2012, June 2014 and March 2015). In January 2014, he began working in the Governance Local Development Program founded by Professor Ellen Lust from Gothenburg University. He was invited to join the MacMillan Center at Yale as a visiting professor. During that period, he worked on the preparation of the survey for February-March 2015 in Tunisia, which also served as a pilot survey on local governance. Website:

Lindsay J. Benstead

Lindsay J. Benstead is Associate Professor of Political Science in the Mark O. Hatfield School of Government at Portland State University, where she teaches courses on Middle East and North African politics and research methods. Her research focuses on identity politics (gender, religion, tribe), clientelism, public opinion, and survey methodology in the Middle East and North Africa. Dr. Benstead has conducted nationally-representative surveys in Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia (with Ellen Lust), Libya (with Ellen Lust and Jakob Wichmann), and Jordan (with Kristen Kao, Ellen Lust, and Jakob Wichmann) and contributes to the Transitional Governance Project and the Program on Governance and Local Development, Yale University. She is a Contributing Scholar in the Women’s Rights in the Middle East Program, James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy, Rice University. Dr. Benstead’s research has appeared in Perspectives on Politics, Governance, Politics & Religion, International Journal of Public Opinion Research, Democratization, and Foreign Affairs. She holds a Ph.D. in Public Policy and Political Science and a M.A.E. in Applied Economics from the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor and previously served as a doctoral fellow in the Council on Middle East Studies, Yale University, and a post-doctoral fellow and lecturer in the Department of Near Eastern Studies, Princeton University. Websites: and

Lise Rakner

Lise Rakner is Professor of Comparative Politics, University of Bergen and Senior Research Fellow at the Chr. Michelsen Institute, Norway. Her research interests cover the fields of Comparative Democratization, with particular emphasis on human rights, elections and political parties in sub-Saharan Africa. Rakner's work also extents to political economy, with an emphasis on economic reforms, taxation, business associations, budget processes and aid effectiveness. She has conducted a number of governance analyses for international agencies (Danida, DFID, Norad, SIDA, World Bank). She has published extensively in international journals on issues of governance aid, elections, political parties and political institutions, taxation and economic reforms. Over the past two decades, she has led and coordinated ten international research teams and projects, working with an extensive group of collaborating partners and organized twenty international conferences, the main research collaborations have been carried out in Malawi, Uganda and Zambia. In research leadership, she places great emphasis on equal partnership, co-publishing and the inclusion of junior colleagues. With Peter Burnell and Vicky Randall, she is the editor of Oxford University Press Politics in the Developing World (5th edition forthcoming 2016). With Leo Arriola, UC Berkeley, she has recently established the Bergen-Berkeley research program on political parties in the developing world.

Marwa Shalaby

Marwa Shalaby is an assistant professor in the departments of Gender and Women’s Studies and Political Science at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Prior to joining the University of Wisconsin-Madison, Shalaby was the Fellow for the Middle East and Director of the Women’s Rights in the Middle East Program, Rice University, Texas and a Visiting Scholar at the Program of Governance and Local Development (GLD), University of Gothenburg. She currently serves on the editorial boards of Politics and Religion and Review of Economics and Political Science. Shalaby’s research areas are comparative politics, democratization and research methodology. Her work focuses primarily on the intersection of the politics of authoritarianism, and women in politics. Her research also aims to explicate the micro-dynamics and outcomes of electoral institutions under competitive authoritarianism, mainly in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. In addition, she is working on a cross-national project exploring the drivers of political tolerance in non-democratic and transitioning states.

Mine Eder

Mine  Eder  is  a  Professor  of  Political  Science  at  the  Department  of  Political Science and International Relations of Bogazici University in Istanbul, Turkey. She received a Fulbright to pursue graduate degree at the University of Virginia where she  received  her  MA  and  PhD  in  Politics.  She  also  taught  at  Lewis  and  Clark College  and  was  a  visiting  professor  at  Yale  and  George  Washington  University. She  specialized  on  comparative  political  economy  of development  and  published widely  on  various  aspects of  Turkey’s political  economy  ranging  from  regional cooperation,  welfare provision,  poverty  and  informality,  problems  of  developmentalism,  populism  as  well  as  Turkey-EU relations.  Since  2006,  her  research  interests  shifted  to  include  an  exploration  of  interstices  of  migration and urban transformation in Istanbul; domestic female migrant workers, shuttle traders, displacement and gentrification in Istanbul's neighborhoods as well as local governance.

Pierre F. Landry

Pierre F. Landry is a Professor of Government and Public Administration, Co-Director of the Universities Service Centre for China Studies at the Chinese University of Hong Kong,  a  Fellow at the Research Center for the Study of Contemporary China at Peking University and as well as a GLD Scholar. He was trained in economics and law at Sciences-Po (Paris) and received his Ph.D. in Political Science at the University of Michigan. He is also an alumnus of the Hopkins-Nanjing program. His research interests focus on comparative local governance, Asian and Chinese politics, quantitative comparative analysis and survey research. His work has focused on governance and the political management of officials in China and public opinion research, and the development of spatial sampling technique for survey research.  Besides articles and book chapters in comparative politics and political methodology, he is the author of “Decentralized Authoritarianism in China” with Cambridge University Press (2008). He collaborates with the Governance and Local Development project as well as the UNDP and the World Bank on developing indicators of the variability of local governance in a variety of countries, including Vietnam, Tunisia, Malawi, Zambia and Kenya.  Website: and

Ragnhild L. Muriaas

Ragnhild L. Muriaas (Ph.D) is an associate professor at the Department of Comparative Politics at the University of Bergen, Norway. She has published extensively on questions related to democratic decentralization, traditional authorities, parties and women’s representation in Southern and Eastern Africa. She has experience from conducting field studies at the national and local level in Malawi, South Africa, Uganda and Zambia. Previously she has been a member of research projects that studies different aspects of consolidating democracy in Malawi and she is a team member of the project 'Engineering gender equality: The effects of aid to Women's political representation in Malawi, Sudan, Uganda and Zambia' (funded by NORDGLOBAL, The Research Council of Norway). Her work on different aspects of democratization in Africa appears amongst other in Democratization, Government and Opposition, International Political Science Review, The Journal of Modern African Studies, Women’s Studies International Forum and Representation. She is the co-editor of the forthcoming book Gendered Citizenship: The Politics of Representation (Palgrave) and she has also written a chapter called ‘The Quality and Stability of Subnational Elections in Africa: A Methodological and Conceptual Tool' in Anthony Spanakos and Francisco Panizza’s Conceptualizing Comparative Politics (Routledge). In this chapter, Malawi is presented as one of the key cases, along with Lesotho, South Africa and Uganda. Muriaas is currently (2014-2016) the editor of The Norwegian Journal of Political Science (Norsk statsvitenskapelig tidsskrift).

Vibeke Wang

Vibeke Wang is a postdoctoral researcher at Chr. Michelsen Institute and holds a PhD in comparative politics from the University of Bergen, Norway. Her research on representation, law reform, legislative institutions, and gender quotas in Sub-Saharan Africa has appeared in The Journal of Modern African Studies, Representation, Women’s Studies International Forum, and edited volumes. She is the co-editor of a special issue on the relationship between democratization and quota policies in Africa (Women’s Studies International Forum 2013). Currently she is working on two three-year projects funded by the Norwegian Research Council. The projects explore issues of women’s political representation in Malawi, Uganda, and Zambia.